belongs to the Corylus species and the family of alder (betulacea) and to the
fagacea, and in the family of trees and shrubs which are fallible and
monotonous that the male flowers appear as inflorescences of foxes on the
lateral and terminal branches, and the clustered female flowers occur in the
shoots of the current year and in the peduncle. Hazelnuts are mostly shrubs and
are rarely seen as trees, which are as follows: Native to Europe, Asia Minor
and Caucasus. But it has been wildly growing in the northern hemisphere from
Japan, China to Iran and Turkey for many years.
most important provinces where produce hazelnut are Gilan (74%), Qazvin (12%),
Mazandaran (8%), Zanjan (2%) and Ardabil and Qom provinces (1% each).
countries of export markets:
hazelnut is being exported to Afghanistan, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Bahrain,
Germany, Iraq, and UAE.
to the census of 2018, the total production of hazelnuts is about 25208 tons
and the area under cultivation of the hazelnuts is about 24893 hectares and its
yield is about 1.2 tons per hectare.
Area under cultivation:
total area of hazelnut gardens is 24893 hectares, more than 87% of which are
Global production rank:
ranked eighth with about 2% of world production after Turkey, Italy,
Azerbaijan, US, China, Georgia, and Chile. Turkey produces about 675,000 tons
(67% of world production) and Iran produces more than 16,000 tons (1.6% of
world production) hazelnuts
to the Iranian ccustoms statistics, in the year 2018 about 103 tons of
hazelnuts were exported, which was worth more than 365 thousand dollars.